The differences in the Scarlet Letter and The Crucible, how are Proctor and Dimmesdale different?

The present essay is based on a comparative analysis of two literary works, the Scarlet Letter, the romantic work of American writer – Nathaniel Hawthorne, and the Crucible, a play written by American playwright – Athur Miller. One of the primary aspects of the essay is the analysis of differences between the personalities of characters of the above-mentioned works (Arthur Dimmesdale and John Proctor). Controversial reviews are available on the Scarlet Letter; nonetheless, it is commonly referred to as the founding classic of American heroic tradition. On the other hand, the Crucible is perceived as a powerful drama.

Both authors refer to nearly the same period of time in their works, being the middle and second part of 17th century. Therefore, both works are centered on the period of Puritanism, its cultivation and other distinctive aspects of the prevailing time period.

The Scarlet Letter and the Crucible are focused on a range of similar aspects, such as the commitment of adultery and its subsequent perception by publicity and by different characters, the feeling of guilt, sincere intentions and the desire of change. Probably one of the most significant contrasts between the above-mentioned works is the personal perception of committed adulterous affairs by different characters.

To be precise, Abigail Williams, the antagonist of the Crucible, could be best described as manipulative, cunning and vicious person, with the ultimate aim of getting married to John Proctor, despite of John himself being a married man. On the other hand, Hester Prynne, the main character of the Scarlet Letter, is being accused of adulterous affair, through which she conceived a daughter. Her intentions are somewhat different from those of Abigail Williams, as Hester conceals the name of her daughter’s father. Arthur Dimmesdale, another character of the Scarlet Letter, is the minister of church, who in fact appears to be the farther of Hester’s daughter.

The differences between John Proctor and Arthur Dimmesdale refer to their perception of committed adulterous affairs, the reasons behind it, associated feelings and subsequent actions. To be precise, the affair between Arthur Dimmesdale and Hester Prynne was caused by the true love, whereby the relationships between John Proctor and Abigail Williams was the result of lustful intentions of Proctor. Both men were highly respected in their towns and had to conceal their affairs. Nonetheless, Proctor struggles to save his good name and reputation, even if the price for saving it is his life. Dimmesdale on the other hand also suffers a moral dilemma, caused by inability to openly express their devotion, but ultimately must confess.